Mandate of Palestine be partitioned into separate Jewish and Arab states. Jews accept the recommendation, Arabs do not.
May 14, 1948: Palestinian Jewish leaders proclaim the State of Israel in the area allocated under the 1947 UN partition plan. Arab countries invade the new state.
By the time an armistice is signed in 1949, Israel controls more territory than allocated to it by the UN plan. The West Bank is annexed by Jordan, and the Gaza Strip comes under Egyptian military rule.
June 5, 1967: The Six-Day War breaks out between Israel on the one side, and Egypt, Jordan, Syria and other Arab countries on the other. When a ceasefire is called on June 10, Israel occupies the West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well as the Syrian Golan Heights.
November 1974: Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) leader Yasser Arafat addresses the United Nations. General Assembly resolution 3236 recognizes the Palestinian right to self determination. The PLO is granted observer status at the world body.
November 1988: The PLO proclaims an independent state in the territories occupied by Israel in 1967. Arafat is appointed provisional head of the state.
September 1993: Negotiations between Israel and the PLO culminate in the signing of the Oslo interim peace accords.
The deal calls for the Israeli military to withdraw from parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, Palestinian interim self-government and the establishment of the Palestinian Authority (PA) to administer territory under its control.
May 1994: The Gaza-Jericho Agreement is signed, giving Palestinians administrative authority in the Jericho area and over a large part of the Gaza Strip.
November 2004: Yasser Arafat dies in Paris.
January 2005: Mahmoud Abbas elected Palestinian president, and calls for negotiations with Israel to establish a Palestinian state.
August 2005: Israel evacuates its settlers form the Gaza Strip. One month later Israeli military forces pull out.
January 2006: The radical Islamist Hamas movement wins the Palestinian parliamentary elections, defeating Abbas’ Fatah party.
June 2007: Hamas takes control of Gaza Strip, leaving the PA and an Abbas-appointed government in charge of the West Bank.
November 2007: Israel and the PA agree to launch bilateral negotiations in order to conclude a peace treaty to bring about a two state solution. After a year of talks, the sides are reportedly close to a deal when Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert is forced to resign
due to a corruption scandal.
June 2009: Olmert’s successor, Benjamin Netanyahu, commits to a two-state solution. Talks between break down in late 2010, after Israel refuses a Palestinian demand to extend a limited, partial moratorium on construction in its West Bank settlements.
September 2011: Abbas requests that the UN Security Council grant the Palestinians full membership. The initiative fails after it becomes clear the Palestinians lack the necessary votes on the council for the request to be approved.
October 2011: The UN cultural organization UNESCO accepts Palestine as a member.
November 29, 2012: The UN General Assembly votes on a Palestinian request to upgrade their status from “observer” to that of non-member state, in effect ratifying Palestinian statehood.