ISLAMABAD: Fruit consumption has been linked to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes but researchers have suggested that fruit ‘juice’ consumption may have an adverse effect.
Data from three prospective cohort studies was used to examine the association of individual fruit consumption in relation to type 2 diabetes risk, BBC health reported.
More than 180,000 participants were involved in the studies and were asked every four years to complete food frequency questionnaires to assess their habitual diets.
The researchers reported that 12,198 out of 187,382 (6.5%) of participants developed diabetes.
Total whole fruit consumption correlated positively with age, physical activity, multivitamin use, total energy intake and fruit juice consumption.
Three servings per week of blueberries; grapes and raisins; apples and pears significantly reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes.
In contrast, greater consumption of fruit juice was associated with increased type 2 diabetes risk. Substitution of whole fruits for fruit juice was associated with a lower risk, except strawberries and rockmelon.
Among those who had three servings per week of individual whole fruits, rather than fruit juice, the overall risk was reduced by 7%. Replacing three servings of fruit juice per week with individual whole fruits reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 7%.