KARACHI: Muslim across the world are observing Yaum-e-Shahadat (the day of martyrdom) of second Caliph of Islam Hazart Umar Farooq (Radi Allahu ta’ala Anhu) today, media reported Wednesday.
Umar (R.A), the son of Al-Khattab, was born in 584- 589 CE. He was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs in history. He was a sahabi (companion) of the prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H).
He succeeded the first caliph of Islam Hazrat Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu ta’ala Anhu). He was an expert Islamic jurist and is best known for his pious and just nature, which earned him the title Al-Faruq (“the one who distinguishes between right and wrong”).
Under Hazrat Umar (R.A) the Islamic empire expanded to Persian and Roman empires in less than two years. It was he who set aside the Christian ban on Jews and allowed Jews into Jerusalem and to worship.
The caliph was assassinated on 27th Zilhaj, 644 by a Magian while he was leading the fajr prayer, stabbing him six times in the belly that proved fatal. The great caliph of Islam embraced martyrdom on 1st Moharram.
Various religious and literary organizations will organize programmes to highlight the achievements and personality of the second caliph who established a truly welfare Islamic state.