KARACHI: Kidney disease, one of the costliest illnesses in the world with expensive management options and compromised life quality, is fast emerging as a major health condition in Pakistan.
Yet many of the patients with kidney ailment are usually found to be surprised when they are diagnosed of kidney failure.
According to a report published in a recent edition of Kidney Digest there are habits that lead to kidney failure. First of the commonly identified was not early emptying of bladder by the person concerned.
Compilers of the report mentioned that maintaining a full bladder for a long time was a quick way of causing bladder damage as the urine that stays in the bladder for a long time can cause the bacteria breeding in urine to multiply quickly.
Once the urine refluxes back to ureter and kidneys, the bacteria can result in kidney infections, then urinary tract infection, and then nephritis, even Uremia.
So, no matter how busy a person may be, it ought to be remembered that lot of water must be consumed and regular urination must be ensured.
Once you form the habit of holding back urine, it will ultimately damage your kidneys, warned the experts.
They re-emphasized that not drinking enough water is also a serious threat as the main functions of the kidneys are to regulate erythrocyte balances and eliminate metabolic wastes in urine.
If we do not drink enough water, the blood will be concentrated and the blood flow to the kidney will not be adequate, thus the function of eliminating toxins from blood will be impaired.
Moreover, taking too much salt is also a serious risk factor.This is because 95% sodium we consume through food is metabolized by the kidneys.
Exceeding the salt intake will make the kidneys work harder to excrete the excess salt and can lead to decreased kidney function.
This excess sodium will cause water retention, causing edema. Edema usually elevates blood pressure and increases the risk of developing kidney disease. The daily salt intake should be controlled within 6g per day.
People have also been advised not to ignore timely treatment of common infections quickly and properly. Common infections, such as pharyngitis, tonsillitis, common cold etc, usually triggers or aggravates kidney damage. They do this by causing an acute attack of
acute glomerulonephritis or chronic nephritis.
It was said to be of common experience that people who get kidney disease for the first time or whose illness condition becomes worse usually present in hospitals with a history of cold or sore throat.
If after having cold, symptoms like blood in urine, swelling, headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, poor appetite appear, person concerned must consult their doctor immediately, to assess your kidney functions, and start treatment if compromised.
Eating too much meat is again a major contributory factor towards kidney disease as heavy intake of protein can increase the metabolic load of the kidney.
For those suffering from proteinuria, meat consumption too may aggravate protein leakage, worsening renal pathological lesion.
It has, therefore, been suggested that protein intake should be 0.8g/kg per day. This means that a person with 50 kg should consume 40g of protein per day. Meat consumption per day should be limited within 300g.