BANGKOK- After two decades of election defeats, Thailand’s oldest political party stands accused of turning its back on democracy by refusing to contest controversial elections to be held on Sunday.
The elite-backed opposition Democrat Party has joined forces with anti-government supporters who are threatening to disrupt the polls and want Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra to step down to make way for an unelected “people’s council”.
“The party is turning away from democracy,” said Pavin Chachavalpongpun, associate professor at the Centre for Southeast Asian Studies at Japan’s Kyoto University.
The Democrats are “trying to find a short cut” to power, he added, noting that on the several occasions in the past two decades when they did take office it was with the support of the military.
The opposition accuses Yingluck’s Puea Thai party of corruption and buying votes, and says she is a puppet for her elder brother, fugitive former premier Thaksin Shinawatra — accusations she denies.
The Democrats, who are popular in Bangkok and parts of southern Thailand, argue that elections will not end a cycle of political violence in the kingdom stretching back to around the time of a military coup in 2006 that ousted Thaksin from power.
“For the country, the elections could not solve the problems and conflicts that we are facing,” Democrat Party leader Abhisit Vejjajiva told AFP.
“A reform process needs to be initiated so that people can be confident that come election time, and after the elections, an elected government does not abuse power in the way that it has done over the last couple of years,” he said.
Helped by support among rural voters who benefited from their policies, pro-Thaksin parties have won every election in more than a decade, most recently in 2011 with 265 seats against 159 for the Democrats.
Critics say the Democrat Party missed a golden opportunity to increase its support base owing to public anger over corruption allegations and a failed amnesty bill that could have allowed Thaksin to return without going to jail.