LAUSANNE: Iran and six world powers suspended negotiations on a historic nuclear deal and were set to convene again later next week to break a deadlock over sensitive atomic research and lifting of sanctions, Western officials said on Friday.
While the negotiations have made progress over the past year and both sides appear determined to push for a deal, differences on major sticking points are still wide enough to potentially prevent an agreement in the end.
On the sixth day of talks at a 19th century hotel in the Swiss city of Lausanne, plans for the delegations changed repeatedly over the course of several hours. At one point, the foreign ministers of France, Britain and Germany were expected to join the talks on Saturday.
Less than an hour later those plans were called into question after the Iranian delegation informed their U.S., British, French, Germany, Russian and Chinese counterparts that they would be returning to Tehran due to the death of President Hassan Rouhani’s 90-year-old mother on Friday morning.
Tehran’s delegation checked out of the hotel and headed to the airport. All sides agreed a resumption late next week was likely.
Prior to the Iranian departure, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and Iranian Atomic Energy Organization chief Ali Akbar Salehi held another series of meetings to break the impasse.
In addition, technical and political experts from the parties have been gathering daily to discuss options that could form the basis of an agreement under which Iran would accept curbs on sensitive nuclear work for at least a decade and sanctions would be gradually eased.
There was no breakthrough this week.
“We have reached a very crucial point in the talks, there are one or two critical issues and for the other issues still one or two points remain to be resolved,” Zarif told reporters.
“We had good talks and whether we will reach a result … we have to wait and see,” he said after meeting Kerry. “We made very good progress.”
Kerry said they made good progress, adding: “We’ll be back next week.” Russia’s chief negotiator Sergei Ryabkov told Reuters he agreed wholeheartedly with Kerry’s assessment.
During that meeting, Kerry expressed condolences to the delegation for the passing of Rouhani’s mother and greetings for the Iranian new year holiday Norouz, which begins on Saturday.
U.S. President Barack Obama prepared a video message to Iran’s people and leaders on Thursday, saying this year represented the “best opportunity in decades” to improve ties between their two countries. But differences in the nuclear talks remained, he said.
Western and Iranian officials have said that the sides are very far apart, though all delegations want a deal.
“The alternatives to a negotiated agreement are not very pleasant,” a Western official told Reuters. “No one wants to give up. We all want and need this deal.” But U.S. and European officials say they only want a solid agreement that ensures Iran will not be able to quickly build an atomic weapon.
Tehran denies harboring nuclear weapons ambitions.
The European ministers, rather than coming to Lausanne, may meet elsewhere in Europe over the weekend ahead of an end-March deadline for a political framework agreement and a full nuclear deal by June 30, Western officials said.
“For us the deadline is June 30,” a senior European official said.
Officials close to the talks have expressed concerns that the French might block a deal.
Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araqchi said the talks would resume on Wednesday. He did not say where.
This week’s re-election of Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu, a fierce opponent of engagement with Iran and critic of a possible nuclear deal, made clear that the pressure on the United States would not let up.
Pressure from the U.S. Congress is also driving the pace of negotiations. Obama bought some time on Thursday after U.S. Senate Democrats and Republicans agreed to delay until April 14 the Senate Foreign Relations Committee’s vote on legislation that would force Obama to submit any agreement with Iran for Congress’ approval.
Obama has said a nuclear deal does not need Congressional approval and vowed to veto any proposals for new U.S. sanctions.
A further meeting of foreign ministers from the Western powers this weekend will demonstrate unity in the face of the deadlock and give ministers the opportunity to coordinate, a source close to the talks said, adding that Kerry telephoned his counterparts overnight to advise them of developments.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi told Kerry the talks “must not fall short for lack of a final effort”, China’s Foreign Ministry said after the two spoke on the telephone.
Russian news agency Interfax reported that Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Kerry agreed that an acceptable solution to the standoff must be found as soon as possible.
The biggest sticking point, Western officials said, remains Iran’s demands to have no limits on research and development of advanced centrifuges, machines that purify uranium for use in nuclear reactors or, if very highly enriched, in weapons.
Another major sticking point is the lifting of sanctions. Iran wants all United Nations sanctions and the most crippling U.S. and European Union restrictions on Tehran’s energy and financial sectors lifted immediately after a deal is agreed.
A further area of disagreement is the duration of a deal. Obama has said restrictions on Iranian nuclear work should be in place for at least 10 years. U.S. negotiators are pushing to make it even longer than that, while France wants it to last for at least 15 years with another decade intense U.N. monitoring of Iranian nuclear sites.
There are a few areas of tentative agreement, including that Iran could operation around 6,000 early generation centrifuges. But officials close to the talks vehemently dismissed reports of a tentative deal, saying they were very far from circulating anything remotely resembling a draft accord.
“We are not close to an agreement,” a European negotiator said on Thursday.