WEB DESK:Thirty-five years after enacting draconian birth control rules blamed for millions of forced abortions and the creation of a demographic “time bomb”, China could be on the verge of introducing a two-child policy.
China is the largest population right now in the world. Pew Research Center claimed that including China, 5 more countries constitutes world’s half population.
The new regulation, under which all Chinese couples would be allowed to have two children, could be implemented “as soon as the end of the year if everything goes well,” a government source was quoted as saying by the China Business News.
Experts warn that China’s population is ageing rapidly while the labour pool is shrinking. The country will have nearly 440 million over-60s by 2050, according to UN estimates. Meanwhile, the working-age population – those aged between 15 and 59 – fell by 3.71 million last year
The core issue is about reproductive freedom as a basic human right. Beijing, which introduced the one-child policy in 1980, was quick to play down claims the two-child policy would be in place by the end of the year.
“No timetable has been set to allow all couples in the country to have a second child,” the National Health and Family Planning Commission insisted according to the state-run China Daily.
According to Liang Zhongtang, the demographer, the problem arose by people’s growing public opposition to family planning rules.
Moves to loosen strict birth control rules are also a response to a demographic “time bomb” created by the one-child policy, which Beijing credits with preventing 400 million births.
For millions of “orphaned” parents – who lost the only child the Communist party allowed them to have – news of the impending policy change brought little comfort.
Source: the guardian