|ISLAMABAD: Like other parts of the globe World Cancer Day was also observed in Pakistan with an aim to create awareness among public about the disease.|
Several public and private hospitals and medical institutions have arranged number of activities to mark the day to promote ways to ease the burden of disease and raising quality of life for cancer patients.
Cancer is a leading cause of death around the world as World Health Organization estimated that 84 million people died of cancer between 2005 and 2015.
The main types of cancer leading to overall cancer mortality each year are: lung 1.4 million deaths per year, stomach 866,000 deaths, liver 653,000 deaths, colon 677,000 deaths and breast 548,000 deaths.
According to health experts cancer is the uncontrolled growth and spread of cells. It can affect almost any part of the body and the growths often invade surrounding tissue and can metastasize to distant sites.
They claimed that many cancers can be prevented by avoiding exposure to common risk factors, such as tobacco smoke. In addition, a significant proportion of cancers can be cured, by surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy, especially if they are detected early.
Health experts said early detection of cancer greatly increases the chances for successful treatment. There are two major components of early detection of cancer included education to promote early diagnosis and screening, they added.
They said early diagnosis is particularly relevant for cancers of the breast, cervix, mouth, larynx, colon and rectum, and skin. Some early signs of cancer include lumps, sores that fail to heal, abnormal bleeding, persistent indigestion, and chronic hoarseness.